as his knowledge warrants; but there are doubtless many equally
deserving establishments among those not starred or even men¬
tioned. The charges are stated in accordance with information
supplied by the proprietors themselves.
To hotel-keepers, tradesmen, and others the Editor begs to
intimate that a character for fair dealing towards travellers is the
only passport to his commendation, and that advertisements of
every kind are strictly excluded from his Handbooks. Hotel-keepers
are also warned against persons representing themselves as agents
for Bsedcker's Handbooks.
R. = Room (including light ami
B. = Breakfast.
L. = Light.
Dej. = Dejeuner.
D. = Dinner.
Pens. = Pension (i. e. board,lodging
Rfmts. = Refreshments.
M. = English mile.
ft. = English foot.
r. = Right.
1. = Left.
N. = North, northern.
S. = South, southern.
E. = East, eastern.
W. = West, western.
hr. = Hour.
niin. = Minute.
onin. = Omnibus.
earr. = Carriage.
JC. = Mark.
pf. = Pfennig.
Str. = Strassc.
ca. = circa, about.
p. = Page.
The letters 6 or tl, with a date, after a name indicate respectively the
year of the person's birth or death.
Aster inks are used as marks of commendation.