four active and one dépôt division. The principal military dépôt
is at Antwerp. — The Oarde Civique, or militia, consists of about
The national colours, adopted in 1831, are red, yellow, and black,
placed in three perpendicular stripes, which were |the colours of
the ancient Duchy of Brabant. The armoriai bearings of Belgium
consist of the Lion of Brabant, with the motto 'L'union fait la force'.
In 1887 Belgium possessed 67 merchant-ships, including 55
steamers, of an aggregate burden of 86,837 tons, and 342 flshing-
boats of 12,009 tons. It has no navy.
Characteristics. Those indicated by the following monkish
Unes are said to exist to some extent even at the présent day : —
'Nobilibus Bruxella viris, Antwerpia nummis,
Gandavum laqueis, formosis Bruga puellis,
Lovanium doctis, gaudet Mechlinia stultis'.
(Brussels rejoices in noble men, Antwerp in money, Ghent in
halters, Bruges in pretty girls, Louvain in learned men, and
Malines in fools.) Halters are mentioned in connection with Ghent
in allusion to the fréquent humiliations to which its turbulent
citizens were subjected by their sovereigns. The unenviable répu¬
tation of the citizens of Malines originated in the story that they
once mistook the moon shilling through their cathedral-tower for
a conflagration, and endeavoured to extinguish it by means of the