XXXIV Statistics. HOLLAND.
tal Hertogenbosch), Drent/ie(Asse7i), .FriesZand(Leeuwarde7i), Guel-
derland (Arnhem), Groningen (Groninge7i), N. Holland (Amster¬
dam) , S. Holland (Hague), Limburg (Mastricht), Over-Yssel
(Zwolle), Utrecht (Utrecht), Zeeland (Middelburg). Besides these
provinces, the district of Luxembourg (197,527 i7ihab., capital of
the same name) is governed by the king of Holland as grand-duke.
Revenue. The annual income of the government (exclusive of
the colonies) amounted in 1874 to 93,742,143 florins (about
7,800,000 l. sterling), and the expenditure to 100,243,980 fl.,
leaving a deficit of 6,501,837 florins. The 7iational debt in 1874
amounted to 937,020,076 florins.
The national colours are red, white, a7id blue, placed in hori¬
zontal lines (the French are placed vertically); the motto, 'Je
Colonies. The most importa7it Dutch col07iies in the E. Indies
are Java (capital Batavia), Sumatra, Borneo, and Celebes ; in the
W. Indies Surinam , St. Eustache', and Curacao; to which must
be added a 7iumber of factories on the coast of Guinea. The total
area of these possesskms amounts to 660,000 sq. M., the popu¬
lation to 23y2 million souls.
Commerce. The merchant fleet of Holland in 1874 numbered
1731 vessels, of a7i aggregate burden of 438.031 tons. The imports
average 600 million, the exports 480 million florins a7inually, the
value of goods in transit 188 millions.
The Army consists of 1 regiment of Grenadiers and Riflemen in
4 battalions, 8 regiments of Infantry in 4 battalions, 4 regiments
of Hussars in 5 squadrons, 1 regime7it of Field-Artillery (14 bat¬
teries), 1 regi7nent of Horse Artillery (4 batteries) and 3 regiments
of Fortress Artillery (14 companies), corps of the military train,
pontoniers, 'depot-battalions', instructi07i battalions, etc., amount¬
ing in all to 62,068 men, besides which there is an army of
27,659 soldiers in the colonies.
The Navy consisted in 1874 of 100 vessels of war with 673
gu7is (84 steamers with 565, at7d 16 sailing vessels with 108 guns)
commanded by an admiral of the fleet (Prince Frederick, U7icle of
the king), 2 admirals, 2 vice-admirals , 3 rear-admirals ('schout-
bij-7iacht'), 20 captains, 40 commanders, etc., and manned by up¬
wards of 5000 hatids.
Executive Power : a state-council , consisting of 12 members
nominated by the King, and 8 respoi7sible mi7iisters. — Legislative
Power: two Chambers, the members of which are elected by the
States General. The first consists of 39 members, elected by the
provinces for a period of nine years; the second of 80 members,
elected by the district electors.