XVIII Statistics. BELGIUM.
Belgium , although not finally recognised by the exasperated King
of Holland till 1839, constituted the Kingdom of Belgium one of
the independent European states, and determined the boundaries
and the relations between the two disunited king-doms.
King Leopold II., born in 1835. the son of Leopold I. (b. 1790,
d. 1865) and of Louise , his second queen, daughter of Louis Phi¬
lippe (d. 1850), ascended the throne on 10th Dec., 1865. His
Queen is Marie Henriette, daughter of the late Archduke Joseph.
Charlotte, the widow of Maximilian, Emp. of Mexico (d. 1867)
and brother of the Emp. of Austria, is a sister of Leopold II.
Extent. The extreme length of the kingdom of Belgium, from
N.W. to S.E., is 179 Engl. M., breadth from N. to S. 110 Engl. M.,
area 11,235 sq. M.
Population (in 1871)5,113,680 (in 1831, 3,785,864 only), of
whom about 1lj-± millions are Flemings, and about 2 millions Wal¬
loons. About 15,000 only of the population are Protestants, and
3000 Jews. The principal Protestant communities are at Brussels,
Antwerp, Ghent, Liege, and Verviers. In East Flanders, the most
densely peopled district, there are 760 inhab. to each sq. M.; in
the Province of Luxembourg, the most thinly peopled. 128 only.
E. Flanders, and next to it the Provi71c.es of Brabant a7id Hai7iault,
are , with the exception of some of the manufacturing districts
of E7igland, amo7ig the most detisely peopled districts 771 the world.
Provinces. The country is divided into 7iine provinces, viz.
Antwerp, Brabant, W. Flanders, E. Flanders, Hainault, Liege,
Limburg, Luxembourg, a7id Namur. In W. Fla77ders one person in
8 is a pa7tper, in E. Flanders one in 16, in Hainault one in 20, in
Limburg 07ie in 24, in Liege one in 28 , in Braba7it 07ie in 36 , in
A7itwerp one in 41, in Nami7r one in 91 , and in the wooded Pro-
vi7ice of L7ixe7nbourg one in 660o7ily. On the other hand there are
three perso7is only in the whole Province of Luxembourg who are
q77alified to become senators, i. e. who pay taxes to the amou7it of
2116 fr. and upwards , a7id are above 40 years of age, while in
Braba7it the number of such perso7is am0777its to 119.
Clergy. The 7)77777ber of the Roman Catholic secular clergy is
about 5380, that is, one 071 an average for every 950 of the po¬
pulation, each of who7n receives an average stipend of 718 fr. from
the state; the ntimber of the regi7lar clergy is about 3000. There
are also upwards of 12,000 imns and sisters of charity, who as
well as the monks, are chietly engaged in tuitio7i a7id attendance
on the sick a7id i7idigent. The donations and subscriptions to the
funds of the Church amount to 803,132 fr. a7inually. The Arch¬
bishop of Mali7ies is the primate of Belgium, a7id there are five dio¬
ceses, viz. those of Liege, Namur, Tournai, Ghent, and Bruges.
Army. The Belgia77 Ia7)d-armame7it, in time of war, consists
of 96,977 men, of whom 3373 are officers; duri7ig peace, of about
40,000 me7i (8754 cavalry). The army is composed of the follow-