Railways. With regard to the rapid advance of this modem
essential of civilisation the remarks already made (p. XI) ma>
suffice. It may be added that the greatest speed attained by
the trains is extremely moderate.
The most trustworthy information respecting hours of starting,
fares etc. is afforded by the '■Guida orario ufficiale di tutte le
strode ferrate d' Italia' (see p. VI), containing a map, published
at Milan by Edoardo Sonzogno (price 40 c.), with which the
traveller should not fail to provide himself.
Steamboats. Tickets should be purchased by the traveller
in person at the office of the company, and no attention paid to
the proffered services of loiterers in the vicinity. Family-tickets
for the first or second class for not fewer than three persons are
issued by all the companies at a reduction of 20 per cent on
the fare, but not on the cost of food. A child of 2—10 years
pays half-fare, but in this case must share the berth of its atten¬
dant. Two children are furnished with a berth for themselves.
The tickets of the Messageries Imperiales are available for four
months, and the voyage may be broken at the passenger's discretion.
The saloons and berths of the first class are comfortably
and elegantly fitted up, those of the second tolerably.
Luggage. First-class passengers are allowed 100 kilogr.
('= 2 cwt.), second-class 60 kilogr. (= 135 lbs.); but articles
not intended for the passenger's private use are prohibited.
Food of good qualty and ample quantity is included in the
first and second-class fares. The difference between that provi¬
ded for passengers of the different classes is inconsiderable. Pas¬
sengers who are too ill to partake of these repasts are furnished
with lemonade and minor restoratives gratuitously. Refreshments
may of course be procured at other hours on payment.
Fees. The steward expects 1 fr. for a voyage of 12—24 hrs.,
more if the passenger has made unusual demands upon his time
Embarcation. Passengers should he on board an hour be¬
fore the advertised time of starting. The charges for conveyance
to the steamboat (usually 1 fr. for each pers. with luggage) are
fixed by tariff at all the sea-ports, and will be found in the hand¬
book. Passengers should therefore avoid all discussions on the
subject with the boatmen, and simply direct them to row 'alia
Bella Venezia', or whatever the name of the vessel may be. On
arriving at the vessel, payment should not be given to the boatman
until the traveller and his luggage are deposited on deck.
Diligences in Italy generally belong to private companies: where
several run in competition, the more expensive are to be preferrrei!.
The carriages are often uncomfortable, and, when ladies are of