starting, to mark with a coloured pencil the point for which
they are bound. This will enable them to avoid many a
circuitous route. Travellers who desire a more minute ac¬
quaintance with Northern Italy will find the following ex¬
cellent maps most serviceable : Kiepert's Special Map of K.
and Central Italy, pub. by D. Reimer, Berlin, 1860 (scale
1:800,000; price IV3 Thlr., or 5fr.); Nos. IV. (S. Switzer¬
land, Savoy and Piedmont), V. (S.E.Switzerland, S.Tyrol,
Lorubardy and Venice), VII. (S.E. France/ Sardinia, Nice,
Genoa) and VIII. (Parma, Modena, Emilia, Tuscany) of G.
Mayr's Atlas of the Alps, mounted 2 Thlr. each, admirably
executed, scale 1:450,000.
Altitudes are given in English feet (1 Engl. ft. =
0,3048 metre = 0,938 Paris. ft.).f
Distances are given in English miles. The Italian
'miglio' varies in different districts. Approximately it may
be stated that 1 Engl. M. = 6/7 Ital. migl. = V/lt Roman
Railway, Diligence and Steamboat Time¬
tables. The most trustworthy are contained in the
'Guida-Orario ufficiale di tutte le strode ferrate d'Italia con-
tenente anche le indicazioni del Piroscafi (steamboats), Carrier i,
Diligenze' etc., with map, published at Milan (price 40 c).
Hotels. In no country does the treatment which the
traveller experiences at hotels vary so much as in Italy,
and attempts at extortion are probably nowhere so outra¬
geous. The asterisks are therefore to be regarded as in¬
dicating those hotels which the Editor believes to be com-
paratirely respectable, clean and reasonable. The average
charges stated in the handbook will at least enable the tra¬
veller to form a fair estimate of the demands which can be